She was 87.
According to the Associated Press, Christian's daughter, Romina Power, says her mother died Friday in Palm Desert after battling colon cancer.
Christian, who was born in Mexico, pursued an acting career in Los Angeles and eventually signed a contract with MGM. She made her film debut alongside Danny Kaye in the 1944 musical comedy "Up In Arms."
A year after appearing in 1948's "Tarzan and the Mermaids," Christian married Power, one of Hollywood's most popular leading men. They divorced in 1956, AP reported.
Christian's famous curves led Life magazine to nickname her the "anatomic bomb."
In 1954 she starred as James Bond's love interest in the television adaptation of the novel "Casino Royale."
She is survived by Romina Power, her sister Taryn Power and eight grandchildren.
Associated Press contributed to this report.